What do the Sigla in a New Testament Mean? CNTR Edition

Matthew 1:7-8, CNTR - Asaph or Asa

If you’ve been following along in my blog, you’re probably hoping I’ll move onto a different subject. I’ll present one more type of critical apparatus, this one comparing some ancient Greek manuscripts with modern critical editions. The apparatuses I’ve shown in previous articles are from United Bible Societies’ Greek New Testament, Third Edition (USB3)1, Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece, 27th Edition (NA27)2 and Reuben Swanson’s New Testament Greek Manuscripts: Variant Readings Arranged in Horizontal Lines Against Codex Vaticanus3. Today’s article is about the Center for New Testament Restoration’s Greek New Testament Interlinear.

7…and Solomon the father of Rehoboam, and Rehoboam the father of Abijah, and Abijah the father of Asaph, 8and Asaph the father of Jehoshaphat, and Jehoshaphat the father of Joram, and Joram the father of Uzziah…. (Matthew 1:7-8 ESV)

Center for New Testament Restoration

Matthew 1:7-8, CNTR - Asaph or Asa
Matthew 1:7-8, CNTR – Asaph or Asa

The apparatus is divided into four sections:

  1. Ancient Greek manuscripts
  2. Modern Critical Editions
  3. BHP+ – Bunning Heuristic Prototype Greek New Testament
  4. CNTRI – Center for New Testament Restoration Interlinear

The older manuscripts use Ἀσάφ (Asaph), while modern critical editions are split between  Ἀσάφ (Asaph, a musician; 1 Chronicles 25:1) and Ἀσά (a King of Judah; 1 Kings 15:8-9). It isn’t obvious from the information shown here, but the critical editions using Ἀσάφ generally follow the Alexandrian text types, while the critical editions using Ἀσά generally follow the Byzantine text type.4

The presentation used by CNTR is much easier to understand than the ones used by UBS and NA. It’s slightly easier to read then the one by Swanson, but it only has 14 witnesses, verses Swanson’s 71.



  1. What do the Sigla in a New Testament Apparatus Mean? UBS Edition
  2. What do the Sigla in a New Testament Apparatus Mean? NA Edition
  3. What do the Sigla in a New Testament  Mean? Swanson Edition
  4. What are New Testament Text Types?How do New Testament Text Types Compare?

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